Political Violence. A Comparative and Social Movement Study of Boko Haram and MEND
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Three main topics were researched in the thesis. These include the emergence of the two militant movements, the role of ideology, and the subsequent evolution and escalation of the different forms of political violence within the groups, given the groups‟ peculiar experiences within the Nigerian society. The idea here was not to discuss all the various social and political structures within the Nigerian society, or all the various political violent activities that have been carried out by these movements, or all the utterances that are accredited to members of the group. Rather, the study attempted to situate the emergence of these militant groups in changes in the socio-political and geo-political environments within the regions in which the groups appeared, analyse the different ideologies within the two groups and finally discussed the succession and progression of political violent events, especially during the early stages and developments of political violence within the groups (2005-2009 in MEND; 2002 and 2009-2011 in Boko Haram). The study also compared the two groups; outlining how these elements and developments are similar, and differed from each, especially when it came to the groups‟ leader‟s framing of their ideologies, as well as the evolution and progression of different forms of political violence.